An Expanded View of the Heart (Part 2)

High frequency electrical oscillations in the range of 1011 to 1012 cycles per second have been suggested which would lead strongly polarized cell membranes to oscillate at around 1011 Hertz.  In one study of a meditation teacher, who had developed a high degree of psycho- physiological self-regulation, significant emanations of visible light have been measured from the region of the heart in dark, light-tight chambers using photomultiplier tubes (Bair, 2006).

Besides photons, the heart also produces phonons, electromechanical waves that travel in the piezoelectric medium of the connective tissue matrix.  The connective tissue matrix and cardiovascular tree is capable of generating tiny electric fields in response to fluid pulsations.  Electric fields and magnetic fields can propagate as waves through the surrounding tissue and be measured by several mechanisms including the ECG and MCG.

The Importance of Solitons

Another type of wave propagation is through solitons.  These are solitary or singular waves that do not disperse or dissipate their energy by spreading out.  In the ocean, a tsunami or tidal wave is an example of a soliton wave.  When two solitons collide, they emerge from the collision unchanged in shape and speed.  According to quantum physical theory, solitons also possess magnetic properties with each soliton being considered to be a magnetic monopole.  The layer of water molecules surrounding proteins may play a key role in generating solitons in the body (Hyman, 1981).

Membranes, muscles and connective tissue demonstrate a high degree of order.  When crystalline components in the living matrix vibrate together, they act as “coherent, molecular antennas” radiating biologically-relevant signals into the tissue compartments of the body.  Specifically, the fabric of linked water molecules act as a communication medium transmitting the coordinating impulses from the heart.  The flow through the water matrix takes place through protons and the energy flows are termed “proticity.”  As electrical and mechanical vibrations pass through the living matrix, the motion of water molecules becomes correlated or coherent within the oscillating fields.  Water then appears  to become a free-electron laser that can operate over a wide range of frequencies (Del Giudice, 1988; 1993).

Because biological tissue behaves in a non-linear manner, a high degree of order can be produced by a virtually infinitesimal input of energy.  Although tiny amounts of coherent energy may be difficult to detect with ordinary measuring instruments, they can still have biological effects and modulate cellular activity.  Solitons are also non-linear and may be destabilized by interacting with weak internal fields if they are exactly of the right strength and frequency. The collapse of a soliton wave is capable of releasing relatively large amounts of energy to the local tissues. Information carried on solitons is therefore capable of influencing biochemical processes with a high degree of specificity.  Solitons move relatively slowly compared to sound, but appear to be ideally suited for tissue communication.  John Upledger has suggested that the craniosacral fluid rhythms influencing the brain, nervous system and connective tissue matrix are also likely composed of soliton waves.

Another confirmation that the body is capable of creating coherent electromagnetic fields is from measurements with SQUID magnetometers from the hands of healing touch practitioners (Zimmerman, 1990).   Biomagnetic oscillations in the range of 3-12 Hertz have been demonstrated with these experiments.  Researchers in Japan and China have similarly demonstrated magnetic fields being produced by Qi Gong practitioners and meditators (Seto 1992).  Already in 1994, nursing educator Janet Quinn had accumulated evidence that energetic therapies such as Therapeutic Touch appeared to involve tangible energy exchange (Quinn 1994).

It is entirely plausible that pulsing electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) are capable of stimulating healing at the cellular level.  These fields may be capable of initiating a cellular cascade of reactions, including amplification, leading from the cell membrane to the cytoplasm and further to the nucleus and DNA.  The great sensitivity of cells enables them to pick up electromagnetic signals from energy medicine practitioners so that single photons of energy are capable of initiating a massive influx of calcium into the cell and initiating injury repair (Oschman 2003).  Today there are increasing numbers of energy medicine practitioners utilizing techniques including acupuncture, craniosacral therapy, polarity therapy, Reiki, Rolfing, therapeutic touch, zero balancing, to name only a few. Increasingly these therapies are also becoming acceptable to be practiced in hospitals and integrative medicine group practices.  The energy exchange that appears to occur between practitioners and clients has led to demonstrated effectiveness in wound healing (Wirth 1994; Wirth 1996), pain reduction (Redner 1991), hemoglobin levels (Krieger 1974), conformational changes in DNA and water structure (Rein 1994), and tumor growth (Bengston 2000).

Does Heart use Higher Gauge Electrodynamics?

According to William A. Tiller, Professor Emeritus of Stanford University, most scientists mistakenly believe that bioelectric phenomena acting on biological systems can be comprehended in terms of conventional electrical and magnetic forces.  He suggests that electromagnetic gauge symmetry physics concepts explain why this is not true by demonstrating the differences between electromagnetism and bioelectromagnetism. Traditional electrodynamics using the four equations of Maxwell (which were actually developed later by Oliver Heaviside and Heinrich Hertz) uses a U(1) gauge viewpoint in which matter interacts with an electric field by 1.) the conduction of mobile charge carriers through a material (called conduction current); and  2.) as a polarization or electric dipole formation in the material (called displacement current).

In this type of electrodynamics there are no magnetic monopoles and the four classical Maxwell equations work extremely well for solving technological problems.  However, there is an advanced electrodynamics based on a higher SU(2) gauge symmetry which incorporates the additional factors of magnetic vector potential (A-field), magnetic
conductivity (s), magnetic current density (gm) and magnetic charge density (m).   Details of this advanced electrodynamics involving magnetic current density can be found in the work of T.M Barrett (Barrett, 1988).  Tiller suggests that this higher gauge symmetry state is more appropriate for living systems and subtle energy processes, including the activity of acupuncture meridians, emotions, and consciousness.  Tiller has suggested that in the quantum vacuum state, magnetic monopoles may exist and have the capacity to couple across the Dirac energy gap into the matter and antimatter domain described in classical physics and governed by the U(1) gauge experimental world.  T.W. Barrett, D.M. Grimes and others have written extensively about an amended Maxwell theory involving the higher SU(2) gauge symmetry (Barrett and Grimes, 1995). Tillers work with “intentionally imprinted electrical devices” (IIEDs) suggests that human consciousness, specifically human intention, can interact with the vacuum domain and alter its degree of order in a seemingly permanent way.  His experiments have shown in a robust way how human consciousness can interact with matter by changing the pH of water, the activity of standardized enzyme systems, and the activity of fruit fly larval development (Tiller, 2004).

The implications for an expanded role of the heart in human psycho-physiological regulation could be significant.  If a higher gauge SU(2) advanced electromagnetism is invoked in  modeling electrical activity, then the heart would be a significant generator of magnetic vector potential (A-field), magnetic conductivity (s), magnetic current density (gm) and magnetic charge density (m), all of which are not utilized in the standard Maxwell equations.  This would allow the heart to play a tangible role in modulating brain activity, intention and consciousness.  The heart and the brain would then become an interactive feedback system that could synergistically influence physiological function.  In this way, the heart could fulfill its role as the seat of the soul and the emotions - which has been taught since antiquity.  It should be remembered that only with the publication of the model of a closed circulatory system by William Harvey in 1628 has the heart been seen merely as a mechanical pump.  This thinking over time has led to our modern, reductionist scientific paradigm that simply views the heart as an electrically-innervated muscle.

The New Concept of Quantum Holography

Several researchers have suggested that the body acts as a living hologram.  The physical hologram was invented by Dennis Gabor in 1947, for which he received the Nobel Prize in physics in 1971.  The neurophysiologist Karl Pribram has suggested that the holographic nature of the brain might be used to explain learning and memory.  Optical holograms required laser light, while acoustic holograms employ coherent sound.  If the various tissue compartments function in a holographic manner, then it is quite possible that the rhythmical impulses of the heart may play a key role in generating coherent photon and phonon fields capable of influencing the holographic nature of the organism.

However, it is unlikely that the body is based on optical holograms but rather quantum holography.  Several researchers believe that these quantum holograms are recently- discovered attributes of all physical matter that provides a new conceptual tool to understand the subtle complexity and processes operating in biological systems. Electromagnetic and quantum effects are known to operate below the scale of chemical interactions, and have now become recognized as fertile ground for understanding subtle energy linkages (Mitchell, 2004).  Quantum holography can form a basis for the interface between mind and matter.  It was first validated by experimental work with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) tomography.

It is well understood that light and atomic particles exhibit both particle and wave duality, sharing characteristics of each.  Depending on the experiment, either wave or particle characteristics, but not both simultaneously, can be demonstrated.  It is also well understood that particles will exhibit quantum entanglement when following different paths.  The entangled property (which appears to relate to their coherence) most often involves the spin or polarization of the ensemble of particles. Even Einsteins “spooky action at a distance,” the quality of non-local correlation of particle properties, which violates special relativity, has been considered to be now well proven.  Alain Aspect and his team demonstrated unequivocally in 1982 that “non-local quantum correlation” is a
property of entangled quantum particles at a distance (Chubylalo, 1999).

According to Mitchell, the brain and body, including the heart, may be viewed as a naturally-evolved, massively parallel, multi-tasking, learning, quantum computing system in which the concept of the quantum hologram is a key ingredient.  The technical principles that form the basis for understanding the quantum hologram involve matrix formulation of the Weyl-Heisenberg non-commutative, nilpotent, Lie group algebra, and are beyond the scope of this essay.  What is important is that frequency and phase information, associated with biomolecules inside cells, are collectively involved in entangled quantum processes. When molecules interact in a coherent manner, they produce extremely efficient soliton waves that move through the bodys tissue matrices with essentially zero loss. This was
already described above with reference to the suggestions made by the late quantum physicist Herbert Fröhlich.  These experimentally verifiable approaches form the basis of the application of quantum physics to biological systems.  Walter Schempp used the formalism of Lie group algebra to expand quantum information theory and has applied it successfully to magnetic resonance imaging tomography (Schempp, 1999). Together with Peter Marcer, they expanded the theory of the quantum hologram to propose that the prokaryote cell, DNA molecules, and neurons exchange information with their environment via this non-local quantum mechanism (Marcer, 1997).

From optical theory comes the mathematical formalism of phase-conjugate adaptive resonance (PCAR) that is involved in both the reception or recording of holographic information.  Synthetic aperture radar and sound waves in an organ pipe have an analogous mathematical description, based on the PCAR principle.  In essence, there is a constant information exchange between DNA molecules, cells and tissues that operate through adaptive resonance.  It is not farfetched to suggest that the heart operates consistently with similar principles, creating a quantum holographic field that communicates information about the entire psycho-emotional physiological state of the body besides the slower hormonal and biochemical feedback systems.

Several investigators have questioned the entire concept of the heart as a pump.  Instead it has been suggested that the heart is more akin to a fluid resistance regulator conditioning and pressurizing the blood like a dynamic hydraulic ram (Marinelli, 1995).  Although the heart initially appears to act like a “pump” there are significant  pressure considerations that do not conform to the basic modeling of pump dynamics.  From the newer perspectives of quantum physics and advanced electrodynamics, the heart also may be seen as an information transducer, utilizing its network of 40,000 intrinsic neurons to modulate its information flow.   Since the quantum physicist Erwin Schrödinger had suggested that biological organisms can be considered to be open systems, there may be other energetic processes operating in the muscles and the heart than cannot as yet be strictly explained through biochemical reactions.

It is also worth noting that in the resting heart, the majority of energy utilized goes to warm the blood rather than being directly involved in muscular contraction.  For example, a 250 gram heart consumes around 25 cubic centimeters of oxygen per minute.  Of this oxygen utilized by the heart, 20% is consumed for its basal metabolism, only about 5% for the actual work involved in muscle contraction.  Surprisingly, 60-70% of the oxygen consumed is turned into heat.  This warmth infuses into the blood stream and helps to warm the rest of the body (Lauboeck 2002).   There may be significant information imparted to the red blood cells and the serum by the infrared heat radiation generated by the heart muscle itself.  In addition, since all red blood cells carry surface charges, as do the inner lining of all arteries, blood constituents together form a massive electrical current that in turn is modulated by magnetic current and ionic flows when viewed through the higher SU(2) gauge symmetry.

Psychophysiological Correlates of Emotions and the Heart

New understanding of how the brain functions have challenged older assumptions about the nature of emotions.  Today it is recognized that emotions can be more accurately described as a product of the brain and body acting in concert.  The heart appears to play a particularly role in emotional experience with constant modulation and feedback between the heart and the brain as confirmed by the new discipline of neurocardiology (Armour, 2004).  Cardiac afferent neurological input to the brain affects autonomic regulatory centers and also influences higher brain centers involved in perception and emotional processing. Newer studies are showing that changes in blood flow to certain regions of the brain are initiated prior to the onset of activity within specific brain regions.  The exact control mechanisms for these cardiovascular changes prior to neuronal activity have not yet been fully delineated (Dyson, 2008).  It is hypothesized that the energetic activity of the heart and its complex neurological structure may be subtly involved in this information regulation through possible mechanisms outlined in this essay.

The heart also generates powerful pressure waves that travel rapidly throughout the arterial tree much faster than the actual flow of blood.  These phonon pressure waves are capable of creating large electrical voltage changes and electrical currents in response to tissue matrix excitation.  Changes in brain electrical activity appear when the blood pressure wave reaches the brain around 240 ms after systole (McCraty, 2004).  A heartbeat-evoked potential is measurable across the scalp appearing to be correlated with the hearts afferent neurological input to the brain.  This is detectable from 50-500 ms after the heartbeat (Schandry, 1996).  Schwartz and colleagues believed there is an energetic interaction between the heart and the brain, leading to heart-brain synchronization that can be changed with heart-focused attention (Song, 1998).  When subjects focus their attention on the perception of their heartbeat, the synchrony of the preventricular region of the heartbeat- evoked potential increased.  It is eminently possible that other tissues and organs in the body are equally capable of reflecting subtle energetic evoked potential in synchrony with heartbeats.